Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::clean() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 33

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 463

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 464

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 465

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 466

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 467

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 468

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 35

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 38

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 50

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 54

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 58

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/index.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JObject in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/base/object.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 132

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getRouter() should be compatible with & JApplication::getRouter($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getPathWay() should be compatible with & JApplication::getPathway($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getMenu() should be compatible with & JApplication::getMenu($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 732

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JUtility::getHash() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 101

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/utilities/utility.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 384

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 770

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 94

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 501

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSession::set() should be compatible with JObject::set($property, $value = NULL) in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 737

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSession::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 507

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSessionStorage::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 108

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/session/storage.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/session/storage/database.php on line 64

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 268

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 271

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 551

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDatabase::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 563

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 565

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JTable::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/session/storage/database.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPath::find() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 91

Strict Standards: Non-static method JTable::addIncludePath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 91

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 112

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 426

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JTable::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 773

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 112

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/html/parameter.php on line 21

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getUser() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/includes/application.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::getParams() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/includes/application.php on line 60

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::getComponent() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 83

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::_load() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 196

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JRegistryFormatINI::objectToString() should be compatible with JRegistryFormat::objectToString(&$object) in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/joomla/registry/format/ini.php on line 281

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/includes/application.php on line 61

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLanguage::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/includes/application.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/ffmcl/public_html/web/libraries/loader.php on line 71

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Defectos de la Madera.
Fotografías del Bosque y la Madera

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Defectos de la Madera.

Los defectos a considerar en una clasificación estructural visual, de piezas de madera aserradas o cepilladas quedan especificados en la norma NCh 992.

Definiciones Generales:


  • Defecto:  Cualquier irregularidad física o química o físico-química de la madera que afecta su aspecto, resistencia o durabilidad, determinando generalmente una limitación en su uso o aplicación.
  • Clasificación:  Separación y ordenación de las piezas de madera en grupos que cumplen con los requisitos de cada grado establecido.
  • Arista:  Línea recta de intersección de las superficies que forman dos lados adyacentes de una pieza de madera.
  • Cabeza: Sección transversal de cada extremo de una pieza
  • Cantos:  Superficies planas menores y normales a las caras, paralelas entre sí y al eje longitudinal de una pieza.
  • Caras: Superficies planas mayores, paralelas entre sí y al eje longitudinal de una pieza o cada una de las superficies planas de una pieza de sección cuadrada.
  • Borde de una Cara:  Zona de la superficie de la cara que abarca todo el largo de una pieza y que queda limitada, en el ancho, por una arista y por una línea imaginaria paralela a la arista y a una distancia de ésta igual a la cuarta parte del ancho de la pieza.
  • Zona Central de una Cara:  Zona de la superficie de una cara que abarca todo el largo de una pieza y que queda comprendido entre los bordes de la cara.  (El ancho de esta zona es igual a la mitad del ancho de la pieza).
  • Escuadría:  Expresión numérica de las dimensiones de la sección transversal de una pieza.
  • Ancho:  Dimensión mayor de la escuadría.
  • Espesor: Dimensión menor de la escuadría.
  • Longitud: Distancia entre las cabezas de una pieza.


Términos Relativos a Defectos.

  • Acebolladura:  Separación del leño entre dos anillos consecutivos.
  • Agujero:  Abertura de sección aproximadamente circular, originada principalmente por el desprendimiento de un nudo.
  • Alabeo:  Deformación que puede experimentar una pieza de madera en la dirección de sus ejes longitudinal o transversal o de ambos a la vez.
  • Acanaladura:  Alabeo de las caras en la dirección transversal.
  • Arqueadura:  Alabeo de las caras en la dirección longitudinal.
  • Encorvadura:  Alabeo de los cantos en la dirección longitudinal.
  • Torcedura:  Alabeo helicoidal de la pieza en torno a su eje longitudinal.
  • Arista Faltante:  Falta de madera en una arista de una pieza; se conoce también por  “canto muerto”.
  • Bolsillo de Resina:  Presencia de una cavidad bien delimitada y que contiene resina o tanino.
  • Bolsillo de Corteza:  Presencia de una masa de corteza total o parcialmente comprendida en el leño.
  • Cepillado Desgarrado:  Levantamiento de las fibras en las superficies cepilladas causado por un trabajo defectuoso.  Ocurre con mayor frecuencia al procesar madera verde.
  • Cepillado Incompleto:  Aquellas áreas de las superficies cepilladas de una pieza, que quedan sin cepillar.
  • Cepillado Ondulado:  Depresiones sucesivas dejadas por las cuchillas sobre la superficie de una pieza cepillada.
  • Colapso:  Reducción de las dimensiones de la madera que ocurre durante un proceso de secado sobre el Punto de Saturación de las Fibras y que se debe a un aplastamiento de sus cavidades celulares.
  • Depresión por Cepillado:  Concavidad producida durante el cepillado de una pieza.
  • Escuadría Irregular:  Variación de la escuadría nominal de una pieza. producida por la desviación del plano de corte durante el aserrado; puede manifestarse también en una pérdida de otorgonalidad de la sección transversal de la pieza.
  • Grano Inclinado o Fibra Desviada:  Desviación angular que presentan los elementos constitutivos longitudinales de la madera con respecto al eje longitudinal de la pieza.
  • Grieta:  Separación de los elementos constitutivos de la madera cuyo desarrollo no alcanza a afectar dos superficies opuestas o adyacentes de una pieza.
  • Mancha Biológica: Cambio de color de la madera producido por hongos no xilófagos
  • Manchas de Procesamiento:  Cambio de color que puede producirse en la madera durante los procesos de aserrado, cepillado, estacionamiento y/o almacenamiento.
  • Marca de Astillamiento:  Depresión en las caras cepilladas causadas por desprendimiento de fibras.
  • Marca de Sierra:  Depresión en la superficie de una pieza producida por un corte anormal.
  • Médula:  Parte central del tronco constituidas especialmente por tejidos parenquimatoso y blando
  • Nudo:  Tejido leñoso dejado por el desarrollo de una rama, cuyo aspecto y propiedades son diferentes a los de la madera.
  • Nudo Firme:  Aquel que está adherido solidariamente al leño circundante.
  • Nudo Suelto:  Aquel que provoca una discontinuidad en las fibras de la madera y que además puede encontrarse rodeado de corteza.
  • Nudo en el Canto:  Aquel que aparece ubicado totalmente entre las aristas del canto de una pieza.
  • Nudo en la Cara:  Aquel que aparece ubicado totalmente entre las aristas de la cara de una pieza.  Puede ser nudo en el borde de la cara o nudo en la zona central de una cara.
  • Nudo en la Arista: Aquel cortado por una arista que lo divide en dos partes cada una de las cuales aparece, respectivamente, en el canto y cara que concurren a dicha arista.
  • Nudos en Grupo:  Dos o más nudos individuales que se encuentran agrupados en una superficie cuadrada de lado igual al ancho de la pieza, siendo cada uno de ellos una unidad separada y totalmente rodeada por las fibras de la madera.
  • Nudos en Racimo:  Dos o más nudos agrupados como una unidad que queda totalmente rodeada por fibras del leño que la circunda.
  • Perforación:  Galería u otro tipo de orificios, producidos por diferentes especies del reino animal.
  • Pudrición:  Descomposición de la madera producida por la acción de hongos xilófagos, acompañada de un proceso gradual de cambios de características físicas, químicas y mecánicas.
  • Quemado:  Carbonización de la madera ocurrida durante su procesamiento y producida por la fricción de la herramienta.
  • Rajadura:  Separación de las fibras de la madera que afecta dos superficies opuestas o adyacentes de una pieza.

 

 

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